-Comics refers to the medium itself. This meaning that it does not refer to a specific object.
-Comic artist Will Eisner uses sequential art. This means, when an image is alone, it’s merely just an image. However, if it’s part of a sequence, the image is transformed into more.
-The medium known as “comics” hold numerous ideas and images depending on important variables such as the writers, the artists, the subject manner, etc.
-Difference between comics and animation: Animation is sequential in time but not spatially juxtaposed(side-by-side) as comics are. Each frame of an animated film or short is projected on the same space–A screen. Each frame of comics project on a different space.
*Space does for comics what time does for film.
*Comics defined: n. plural in form, used with a singular verb. 1. Juxtaposed pictorial and other images in deliberate sequence, intended to convey information and/or to produce an aesthetic response in the viewer.
-Comics can trace back to hundreds of years ago. For example, in 1066, France produced a 230 foot long tapestry which details the Norman Conquest of England. Although it may not directly fit the definition above, it is a comic in a way.
-Egyptian hieroglyphics fits the definition of comics, as it is visual images in deliberate sequential order. The only difference being that it is read in a “Zig-Zag” formation.
-The invention of printing allowed comics to be enjoyed by everybody and not just the wealthy.
-The father of modern comic: Rodolphe Töpffer.
-Töpffer’s satiric stories in the mid-1800s employed cartooning and panel borders, and is known as the first interdependent combination of words and pictures in Europe.
-Single panels could, on occasion, be labeled as a comic depending on its visuals and words.
-The images we call symbols are one category of icon
-Words are just abstract icons
-The more abstract an image is, the further away from realism it is
-Cartooning: Amplification through simplification; When cartooning, we’re focusing more on specific details. To do this, we strip an image to its essential “meaning,” amplifying it in a way that realistic art cannot.
*Cartooning isn’t just a way of drawing, it’s a way of seeing.
*We don’t observe the cartoon, we become it.
-Backgrounds of comics tend to be more realistic than the characters. This combination allows us to mask ourselves in a new character and enter a new, stimulating world.
-Pictures: Received information ; Writing: Perceived information.
-The picture plane consists of 3 vertices- reality, language, and the picture plane.